Golda Meir was an Israeli politician who served as the fourth Prime Minister of Israel from 1969 until 1974.
Meir was born in Kiev, Russian Empire (now Ukraine), to Ukrainian-Jewish parents, and she immigrated to Mandatory Palestine with her family in 1921. She worked on a kibbutz for several years before moving to Jerusalem, where she worked in a variety of jobs.
Eventually she became active in politics and was elected to the Knesset, the Israeli parliament, in 1949.
She then served as Minister of Labor (1949–56) and Foreign Minister (1956–66).
Following Levi Eshkol’s death in office, Meir was elected Prime Minister by the Knesset, becoming Israel’s first woman to hold office.
Meir resigned as Prime Minister in 1974 after the Yom Kippur War.
She died in 1978 of lymphoma.
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